Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago

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Find out in our Tips section. This issue is loaded with information; we do hope you enjoy reading! At the other end of the spectrum, interested persons can pursue horticulture as a hobby such as the rearing of specialty plants for example orchids or cacti, home gardening and floral arranging. It is a widely practiced industry and hobby that encourage an intimate interaction between people and plants.


The horticultural industry is the main source of fruits and vegetables and an important supplier of ornamental plants. Horticulture is both the science and art of growing plants. As a science it includes plant propagation, plant breeding, crop production, plant physiology and biochemistry. Genetic engineering can be used to improve plant yields, quality and resistance to pests and diseases as well as environmental stresses.

It also incorporates the social sciences, such as education, commerce, marketing and healthcare. Ornamental and Kitchen Gardens Gardens traditionally serve multiple purposes including the provision of food, creating aesthetically pleasing spaces and increasing the value of residential properties.

A quick observation of the local situation may suggest that many neighbourhood gardens exist in a somewhat unplanned setting. With a little thoughtful planning, ornamental and kitchen gardens can be combined to provide both aesthetic appeal as well as a supplemental source of food. A great diversity of herbs, vegetables and fruits, often make up the average kitchen garden. Chandon beni, chive, tomatoes, melongenes, oranges and limes are popular. Ornamental species often feature bougainvilleas, crotons, ferns, ixoras and lantanas, just to name a few. However, the committed gardener can enhance the functions of the ornamental-kitchen garden by strategically intercropping specific plants that have natural pest control properties.

There are specific plants which contain essential oils that are used for their pest repellent properties as well as others which can be used in their natural form to deter pest. Historically, agricultural communities have counteracted the impact of pest on food crops through plants identified with specific pest repellent properties.

Traditional and modern agricultural practices have since evolved around this aspect of pest control in crop production.

Trinidad - Orchid

It is recommended that such plants be established nearby to alleviate pest infestation. Please note: In most instances excessive use of any plant as a pesticide will cause harm to beneficial insects. If you are interested in ornamental production, growing your own crops or even landscape management, you can look out for the courses being offered by the Extension Training and Information Services Division.

The schedule is published every month on the last Sunday of each month in the Newsday and Express newspapers. Business hours are: a. Tie flowers in a cotton cloth and put in primary container. Pour boiling sugar solution over flowers and stir in all ingredients except yeast. Cover container until water cools to room temperature.

Squeeze flowers to extract maximum flavour and then discard flowers. Add yeast, cover container, and stir daily until active fermentation dies down days. Pour into secondary container and fit airlock. Allow fermentation at least 30 days. Stabilise wine, bottle and enjoy. All participants are awarded a certificate upon completion of each course.

Since space is limited participants are advised to register early. Interested persons are encouraged to call the advertised venues to secure a space. Adapted from the winemaking home page www. Active ingredient diammonium phosphate, helps in the nutrition of the yeast.

Download Native Orchids Of Trinidad And Tobago 1960

Primary Container - Used to hold wine during primary fermentation usually a large plastic bucket. Do not use metal containers for fermentation unless it is stainless steel. Secondary Container - Used to hold wine during secondary fermentation, usually a bottle with an opening cm in diameter; the opening must be able to fit the airlock snugly. Airlock - Piece of equipment used to allow carbon dioxide to escape while excluding oxygen, available at stores selling winemaking supplies.

Stabilise - Stopping fermentation to allow wine to be safely bottled and stored. Fragrant plants used for religious purposes were featured among the earliest items of commerce. Ancient civilizations such as the Romans, Greeks and Egyptians all utilized aromatic plants like gums and spices in one form or another.

Asia also boasts numerous publications on aromatherapy. Aromatherapy is considered by many as a form of alternative medicine utilizing essential oils and other aromatic plant compounds. Aroma therapy can improve personal well-being and enhance mood. Anyone who owns a fragrant plant can attest to the fact that it transforms not only their garden but also their emotional state. Gardeners who delve into the world of aromatherapy choose to plant special flowering plants that are fragrant with unique aromas. Planting some fragrant plants at home and in community gardens will yield similar benefits to spas or other wellness centres.

Aromatic plants also make beautiful presentations in the form of potpourri or floral bouquets. Individual flowers may be variegated with a combination of bold colours, stripes and spots. These flowers produce a strong, sweet smelling fragrance when it opens from late afternoon lasting throughout the night. However, with the arrival of morning they tend to close.

The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla with five acute lobes and are produced in inflorescence group or cluster of flowers. These flowers, as the name suggests, also open at night producing a signature perfume which is both powerful and sweet. Gardenia consists of recognised species and are admired for their glossy foliage and strong scents.

This plant belongs to the coffee family, which is native to tropical and sub-tropical regions. The common gardenia has green and white variegated. In the twenty first century it is uncertain how many people appreciate or are aware of the aroma-therapy benefit provided by common fragrant plants within a garden. In comparison to many expensive aromatic potions, there is nothing better than the fresh aroma of a home grown plant when a person has settled in for the evening after a long stressful day. This plant bears pinwheel-shaped flowers with a spicy scent.

The initial blooms are cream in colour which changes into a golden yellow as they age.

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Historically, richly scented plants have been incorporated into animal and vegetable oils to anoint. The single Chaconia Warzewiczia coccinea is the national flower of Trinidad and Tobago. It is widely accepted that this national emblem was named in honour of the last Spanish governor, Don Jose Maria Chacon. The chaconia plant is a slender forest tree with many branches. It thrives mainly on moist hillsides along the slopes of the Northern Range. The single Chaconia plant can be propagated from hardwood cuttings or from seeds.

The unique flower of the single Chaconia appears in clusters with an enlarged red sepal. The panicle consists of a main axis or spray, cm long, along which paired stalked groups of flowers are seen. The single Chaconia belongs to the family rubiaceae and owes its scientific name to the PolishLithuanian plant collector, Joseph Warszewicz.

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The flower is also commonly known as wild poinsettia, Chaconia and Trinidad pride. Sometimes, the double Chaconia is mistaken for our national flower. It is important to note that the main visible difference between the National flower or single Chaconia and the double Chaconia is the larger number of petaloid structures that makes it fuller, more resplendent and attractive. For this reason, the double Chaconia adorns many homes and offices.

Within recent times certain civic groups have been suggesting that the double Chaconia should be our National flower instead of the single Chaconia.

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This is because the double Chaconia is perceived to be unique to Trinidad while the single is endemic to other Central and South American nations including Costa Rica, Peru and Brazil. This splendid palm flowers once in an average of years of its lifespan and the tree dies after it flowers. The bloom takes approximately one year to dry and produce seeds.

The seeds can be collected and used to propagate more trees. In case you missed it, there is another mature Talipot Palm in the Botanic Gardens that we can look forward to in future. In addition, since the achievement of our Independence on August 31st , Trinidad and Tobago annually awards the National Chaconia Medal to citizens who have given long and meritorious service in the field of community work and social welfare.

References: 1. Kenny, J. UWI Newsletter Williams, R. The Gardens are comprised of twenty-five 25 hectares of beautifully landscaped grounds located north of the capital city of Port of Spain. There are approximately different plant species comprised of both endemic and introduced, representing every continent of the world.

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Native orchids of Trinidad and Tobago / Richard Evans Schultes - Details - Trove

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By Dr. Richard Evans Schultes. Division: Botany, Vol. Reference is made to publications which contain detailed botanical descriptions. The project was completed in with a listing of over orchid species. A CD of species and habitat photographs has been prepared and is available for purchase from the Society. Work continues to locate and photograph local orchid species to update the Database. The information about individual species can be accessed through this alphabetical listing link.