Foams.. Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry
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Foams in Enhancing Petroleum Recovery
Find it at other libraries via WorldCat Limited preview. Contributor Schramm, Laurier L. Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
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Contents Part 1 Foam fundamentals: foams - basic principles, Laurier L. Schramm and Fred Wassmuth-- mechanisms of aqueous foam stability and antifoaming action with and without oil - a thin-film approach, D. Wasan et al-- fundamentals of foam transport in porous media, A. Kovscek and C. Radke-- foam sensitivity to crude oil in porous media, Laurier L. Part 2 Enhancing oil recovery from porous media testing foams: CO2 foams in enhanced oil recovery, John P.
Heller-- steam-foams for heavy oil and bitumen recovery, E. The experimental results show that the in situ formation of nonaqueous foam retards the formation of a continuous gas phase and dramatically increases the apparent trapped-gas saturation.
This condition provides a natural pressure maintenance mechanism and leads to recovery of a much higher fraction of the original oil in place under solution gas drive. A special kind of nonaqueous foam known as bituminous froth is produced during the application of the hot-water flotation process to Athabasca oil sands, a large-scale commercial application of mined oil sands technology. These froths are multiphase, composed of oil, water, gas, and solids, and form an interesting kind of petroleum industry foam.
This chapter presents a review of the occurrence, nature, properties, and treatment of bituminous froths. This chapter is intended as an introduction to defoaming and antifoaming in refinery and petrochemical applications. A brief look at defoaming theory is presented along with chemistry of antifoams. This is followed by examination of antifoam applications in refineries and petrochemical plants.
The causes of foam formation, from demulsifying surfactants to dispersants, are dealt with starting with the desalter and proceeding to the distillation towers and to the coker. Unit diagrams are provided, and a description of each process and how antifoams are used in the particular process is presented. This glossary provides brief explanations for important terms in the science and engineering of foams in the petroleum industry. The petroleum operations in which foams may occur encompass aspects of so many different disciplines that there exists a large body of terminology.
This selection of frequently encountered terms includes scientific terms related to the basic principles and properties of foams, as well as petroleum production and processing terms used to describe practical foams, their production, and their treatment. In addition, cross-references for the more important synonyms, abbreviations, and acronyms are included. Pair your accounts. Your Mendeley pairing has expired. Please reconnect. Schramm 1.
Publication Date Print : October 15, Joan Comstock i-vii DOI: First Page PDF.
Foam in Porous Media | SpringerLink
Foams: Basic Principles Laurier L. Wasan K. Koczo A. Kovscek C. Isaacs J. Ivory M.
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Abstract PDF ABSTRACT Steam-based processes in heavy oil reservoirs that are not stabilized by gravity have poor vertical and areal conformance, because gases are more mobile within the pore space than liquids, and steam tends to override or channel through oil in a formation. Foams for Well Stimulation David J. Shaw Jan Czarnecki Laurier L.
Foam in Porous Media
Abstract PDF ABSTRACT A special kind of nonaqueous foam known as bituminous froth is produced during the application of the hot-water flotation process to Athabasca oil sands, a large-scale commercial application of mined oil sands technology. This chapter provides an introduction to the occurrence, properties, and importance of foams as they relate to the petroleum industry. The fundamental principles of colloid science may be applied in different ways to stabilize or destabilize foams.
This application has practical importance because a desirable foam that must be stabilized at one stage of an oil production process, may be undesirable in another stage and necessitate a defoaming strategy. By emphasizing the definition of important terms, the importance of interfacial properties of foam making and stability is demonstrated. Petroleum Recovery Institute , 33rd Street, N.
More by Laurier L. More by Fred Wassmuth.